Ho Chi Minh Japan Events

The Declaration of Independence, which Ho Chi Minh read to a large crowd in Hanoi on September 2, 1945, was one of the most important events in the history of Vietnam's independence from France. On 2 September 1945, in front of more than 2,000 people, he declared Vietnam independent of France and declared Vietnam independent, renaming the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV).

Then he began to receive feelers from various Vietnamese politicians who were against Viet Minh as head of the new state of Vietnam. He met French representatives from Vietnam to France in Hanoi to discuss these and other issues.

He watched the French return to Vietnam and try to reach an agreement with Ho Chi Minh, but when those efforts failed, they began a full-scale war. French troops could not advance further and drove the Viet Minh North out of the country. When the first Americans arrived in Hanoi to help prepare for the formal Japanese surrender, VietMinh had firm control of the North until their return to Japan in May 1945.

With this respite, Ho Chi Minh was able to eliminate his domestic rivals, thereby strengthening his position as the country's dominant force and leader of the communist movement. The arrival of allied troops shifted from an internal to an external matter, as he and Vietnam began to extend control of DRV to the whole of Vietnam.

After unsuccessful talks with the French in 1946, Ho Chi Minh returned to his native North Vietnam, where he hid in the jungle for eight years. French troops occupied Hanoi and forced him to retreat into the jungle, but after their withdrawal from Hanei, he returned and formally took control of all of northern Vietnam. As events unfolded in Europe, a general war broke out between the US and Japan, and after an unsuccessful discussion with them, Haiphong was placed in Japan. The French and Japanese fell and the Viet Minh saw their chance to strike, but because of events in Germany and France they did not.

The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam in half, with Ho Chi Minh and the communists ceding the north to the south, assuring the Bao Dai regime control over all of North Vietnam and most of South Vietnam, as well as control over Hanoi. French troops, but he agreed to allow them to return to Hanei and sign a treaty to partition Vietnam so that elections could be held in 1956 to reunite the country.

Ex-Viet Minh troops in the south, with the support of Ho Chi Minh, launched a guerrilla campaign against the Diem government. In July 1959, 4000 Vietnamese guerrillas, originally from South Vietnam, were sent from North Vietnam to South Vietnam to invade. The North sent aid to the guerrillas in the area known as the "Ho Chi Minh Trail." In South Vietnam, the Vietcongs, who were called "Vietcong" by the Diem government, began their own guerrilla campaign against the Dien government.

Fearing American military intervention in Vietnam, the Soviet Union and China persuaded Ho Chi Minh to accept their support for the Diet government. In June 1945, they were confident enough to establish their controlled zone in northwest Vietnam that they sent many back to infiltrate South Vietnam. When the last Americans left Saigon in 1975, Vietcong took control of South Vietnam with the support of the US military.

Ho Chi Minh was formally recognized by Beijing and Moscow, but denied the latter legitimacy and declared the DRV the only legal government of the Vietnamese people.

Ho Chi Minh sought the support of the Catholics in the country and invited Diem to join his government in Hanoi, and he did so, but only for a short time.

In accordance with FDR's instructions, the US provided modest assistance, but refused to provide shipping to move French troops there. From Autumn's perspective, this stubborn anti-colonialism led Ho Chi Minh and Viet Minh to advocate an alternative to restoring French bonds. The Americans also worked closely with the U.S. military, which was provided with information about the number and movements of Japanese troops by the Japanese. After the fall of the French embassy in Hanoi in October 1966, the French invasion of Bao Dai and the subsequent occupation of Vietnam by the United States and its allies in 1967, and after exhorting the French to translate the successive agreements they had concluded with Bau Dai into a "peace treaty" with the new Vietnamese government in 1975 and 1976, the volatility of their policy towards Bae Dai was followed by a series of military interventions in Vietnam.

The League for Independence supported this strategy, and the Party held a leading position in Vietnam's anti-colonial revolution until it was officially dissolved by Ho Chi Minh in November 1945. French occupation of Bao Dai and the formation of a new anti-colonial party, the Communist Party of the Republic of Vietnam (CPCV).

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