Ho Chi Minh Japan History
When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to declare an independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam. When the Allies defeated Japan in 1945 to end World War II, he seized the opportunity to declare Vietnam's independence from foreign control. Some will be shocked to learn that the United States and Japan, once allies, were once close allies in the war against the communist regime in Vietnam, and even closer allies of Japan during the Vietnam War.
On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh announced the founding of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. On September 1, 1946, on the eve of the end of World War II, the Vietnamese leader also proclaimed the "Democratic Republic" in Vietnam before a crowd of more than 1.5 million people in Hanoi, Vietnam. In the early hours of September 3, 1948, he proclaimed an independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the city of Hoi An in North Vietnam's northern province of Quang Nam.
In honor of Saigon, the capital of the city, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City and is still admired in Vietnam. In 1975, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in honor of the communist conquest of the South and its capital city was named in his honor.
On 30 April 1975, however, the US ended its engagement in Vietnam and its military operations in South Vietnam were stopped. American and Vietnamese negotiators held talks about a possible end to the war, but the Vietminh conquered Saigon and renamed it Ho Chi Minh City in 1976.
The Vietnamese government of Ho Chi Minh was accepted by the Chinese, but the British refused to do the same for Saigon. The Chinese accepted the proposal of the Vietminh government to create an independent state with its own government and military. Vietnamese government in Hochi Minh, which the Chinese accepted, and the French did not.
To prevent Vietnam from following in China's footsteps, the United States decided to support the 1956 national elections that would unify Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh. In late 1959, aware that national elections would never be held and Diem intended to remove all opposition forces from South Vietnamese society, he informally elected Le Duan as the next party leader. In response, Hochi Minh activated his cadre, which began to wage smaller attacks against the government in the south.
Japanese troops occupied Vietnam during World War II, harassed them in the jungle, and helped rescue crashed American pilots. The Americans also worked closely with Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh, who provided the US military with information on their numbers and movements.
In the late 1950s, Ho Chi Minh organized a communist guerrilla movement in the south called Vietnam. Although the OSS did not bring him to power, Bartholomew Feis shows that the US military's involvement in Vietnam during the Vietnam War played a key role in helping the Vietnamese fill the power vacuum created after Japan's surrender. Duiker suggests that a "cult" around Ho Chi Minh goes back to the history of the US military and its relationship with the Communist Party of Vietnam.
In June 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt the need to establish a Vietnamese Minh Zone - a controlled zone in northwest Vietnam. French and Japanese troops in Vietnam, and the only forces that opposed them were the Communist Party of Vietnam (VCV), the US military, the Soviet Union, and Japan, though both the Vietminh and they themselves received support from the US government at that time.
He helped found the Indo-Chinese Communist Party in the 1930s, and although the history of Ho's communist connections prevented the US from supporting him and the Viet Minh, it did not stop there. Ho Chi Minh was anti-American, having become notorious for leading North Vietnamese troops against the United States in the 1960 "s.
Nguyen Patriot, who would later become Ho Chi Minh, began reading Marxism and found common cause with the French Communist Party. Inspired by the Bolshevik Revolution, he travelled to the Soviet Union and joined the Communist Party. In the 1930s and 1940s he lived in Paris and was an open voice for Vietnam's independence.
After an unsuccessful discussion with the French in 1946, a general war broke out between the two countries. He flourished when he took control of parts of North and West Vietnam and emerged as one of the most influential figures in the Vietnamese Communist Party.
The revolutionary, who called himself Ho Chi Minh the Bringer of Light, finally returned to his native Japan in 1941.
Ho Chi Minh addressed the assembled crowd in Hanoi and indeed the whole world that VietNam was again independent and united after eighty years of French rule. French troops occupied Hanei for a few days before retreating into the jungle. After leaving Hainan, he returned to Japan, where he hid in the jungle for eight years and formally took control of North Vietnam. Haiphong harbored some of the world's most powerful anti-communist forces, many of which he sent back to infiltrate South Vietnam, as well as the US army and the United Nations.